Originally posted 2016-09-15 13:08:34.
Pitru Paksha is a period of fifteen days started from the day full moon day of Bhadrapada and ends on Sarvapitri Amavasya also known as New Moon Day. This year i.e. 2016 the 17th of September (Saturday) will be the day when Pitru Paksha 2016 will begin and ends on 30th of September (Friday). Pitru Paksha is also known as Pitri Pokkho, Apara Paksha, Sola Shraddha, Jitiya and Mahalaya Paksha. It is the period when all Hindus pay homage to their ancestors, especially food. It is a Hindu ritual to show the devotion towards the departed ancestors for their well being and for their better new life. In this period Hindus do rituals like – they offer water and food to their ancestors and it is assumed that it will directly reach to their three ancestors who passed away. The ritual is called Puja Tarpan or Shraddha offerings.
Story Behind Pitru Paksha 2016 Celebration
The tale about Pitru Paksha rituals and celebration is very interesting. It is said that the Karna in Mahabharata, when dies, he got place in Heaven. In heaven he was offered gold and jewels instead of food. He was very upset with that and asked Indra the king of heaven that why he is not getting food. The Indra replied – while on earth you used to donate gold and jewels and have never donated food to your ancestors. Karna said as he was not aware of his ancestors that’s why he never offered food to them. This way Karna was allowed to go back on earth for the period of fifteen days. In this period Karna did all the rituals of Pitru Paksha and offered food to his ancestors. From that time every year in this period Pitru Paksha is practiced by all Hindus.
Pitru Paksha 2016 Dates and Tithis
Date Day Tithi
- 16th September Friday Mahalya (Purnima Shradh)
- 17th September Saturday Pratipada Shradh
- 18th September Sunday Dwitiya Shradh
- 19th September Monday Tritiya Shradh
- 20th September Tuesday Chaturthi Shradh
- 21st September Wednesday Panchami Shradh
- 22nd September Thursday Sashti Shradh
- 23rd September Friday Ashtami Shradh
- 24th September Saturday Navami Shradh- Avidhava Navami Shradh
- 25th September Monday Dasami Shradh
- 26th September Tuesday Ekadashi Shrada
- 27th September Wednesday Dwadashi Shradh
- 28th September Thursday Trayodashi Shradh
- 29th September Friday Chaturdashi Shradh
- 30th September Saturday Mahalaya Amavasi- Last Day of Shradh
Rituals of Pitru Paksha
The rites of Pitru Paksha are performed on the respective lunar day when the ancestors of a person is died. But all lunar days are allotted into the way the respective ancestor is died. Like Chautha Bharani and Bharani Panchami, the fourth and fifth lunar days are for those who deceased in the past year. Avidhava Navami which is the ninth lunar day is for married woman who died before her husband. The twelfth lunar day is for ancestors and children who quit their life early.
The fourteenth day which is known as Ghata Chaturdashi, is for the people who killed by arms, in wars or have faced terrific bad time while death. The rituals or Shraddha of Pitru Paksha should be performed by the eldest son of the family. This Shraddha goes to the three preceding generations.
The person who is performing Shraddha should have gone through the thread ceremony. The food items which are offered during this time are Kheer, guar, lapsi, rice, dal etc. All these food items should be prepared in silver or copper vessels.